They have found that composition of minerals which are the essential part of the Martian soil is very comparable with the weather-beaten basaltic soil of Hawaii which might be the result of some volcanic activity. NASA has used its Curiosity Rover for Mars to dig up the soil for Mars and its instruments of Mineralogy as well as Chemistry have been utilized for the analysis of sample soil. Scientists are trying to get help from the process of analysis through which they can confirm composition of minerals found in the dust or the soil which are the basic features of landscape of the Mars.
NASA had some earlier conclusions regarding the mineralogy of the soil taken from Mars. Their quantifiable results offer very refined analysis and identifications. These analyses have been carried out through X-Ray diffraction for the soil of Mars. Major purpose of the Curiosity Mission for the Mars is to find out the history of environment on Mars. CheMin of NASA plays very important role to analyze the mineralogy of the Martian Soil as it is capable to reveal the conditions of environment which can become the main reason for the formation of minerals. As you know that simple chemical analysis of soil or a rock can help to recognize its composition but you have to be careful while extracting the results. When you look into the composition of diamond as well as graphite, you know that both are made up of same element naturally which is carbon. So both are same chemically but their physical features are very different from each other.
NASA is using analytical procedures of wet Chemistry to find out the facts about the Martian Soil. They are utilizing the X-Ray diffraction which is actually utilized in the laboratories of Geology. Remember these methodologies are designed to bring up the most précised identification of minerals. When they use the X Ray diffraction method, these rays read the structure of minerals and then they analyze them by studying the interaction of crystals with X Rays. Hence NASA’s Curiosity is expected to keep working to study further the atmosphere of Mars. So keep looking for more updates from NASA.