Lyme Disease and Its Symptoms

There is acute Lyme disease, in which the symptoms may sometimes get resolved all of a sudden. Sometimes it may last from a few days to more than a number of weeks. There is also chronic severe Lyme disease in which the symptoms may last for long and may get worse with time. Acute Lyme disease can be effectively treated with antibiotics such as doxycycline, penicillin, and amoxicillin etc.

Symptoms of Lyme disease

The symptoms in affected patients may usually appear as flu like. The associated symptoms include fever, headache, muscle pains, lethargy, and stiff neck etc. About a few days and or a month after that, many of the light-skinned patients may start to notice erythema migrans (EM), which are basically large inflamed areas. In dark skinned people, it may usually be seen as bruises.

Flu symptoms, which are associated with real Lyme disease, may last for longer duration, throughout the entire course of the treatment. There may also be some mental and emotional manifestations associated with Lyme disease such as some temper tantrums, sleep disorders, or difficulty concentrating etc.

To treat joint and muscle pains, usually analgesics are prescribed by the physicians. There may also be drugs suggested to lessen body temperature. The standard treatment course of Lyme disease may last from a month to two. In case if it is diagnosed, the first indications of Lyme disease should be adequately addressed immediately without delay.

The most primary sign of Lyme disease is rashes, which goes along with the flu-like symptoms and weakness, fever, muscle and joint pain, chills etc. There may be some unusual symptoms associated with acute Lyme disease which include heart block, palpitations, neurologic symptoms like altered mental status, neuroborreliosis, nervous system disorders etc.

Fractional Lyme disease

There is also a chance that sometimes physicians may misidentify the premature Lyme disease with flu. The above-mentioned symptoms are mostly a partial listing of the Lyme disease symptoms as there are more than three hundred symptoms identified with Lyme disease.

  • Symptoms of non-specific Lyme disease may include sore throat, inflamed glands, severe fatigue, and night sweats.
  • Digestive related symptoms include nausea, abdominal pain, diarrheas, and many other digestive related acute to chronic symptoms.
  • Heart related symptoms include vasculitis which is the inflammation of blood vessel walls, capillaries, veins, and arteries. There can also be some pancarditis which is the inflammation of heart and surroundings with myocarditis which is inflammation of myocardium, which is the muscular part of the heart.
  • Muscle related include joint pain, joint inflammation etc. There may be arthritis which radiates to different joints and also cause damages to joints. There can also be loss of the muscle tone and muscle ache. Bell’s palsy is another symptom, which may cause paralysis of facial nerve which may result in inability to control facial muscles on he affected side.

There may also be nervous system related symptoms, symptoms on the skin, reproductive system etc. to be noted. Some patients also may get affected with multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s etc. In any case, additional examination is mandatory to diagnose acute to chronic Lyme disease and to identify its pathogenesis.

Author’s bio: Jim Corbett is a famous pathologist who is specializing in the research of ELISA antibody test in the diagnosis of various diseases. He used to write blogs and informative articles in various medical journals.