Building a home for oneself and family is a dream cherished by almost all people. It is an exciting job to plan and build one’s own house. Though people tend to eagerly wait for this opportunity, this job can also be very stressful and tiresome. Several factors have to be considered when one has to undertake such a responsibility. Generally, people don’t wish to make any compromises as it is their dream home. However, money is an important concern here and people also try and stick to their budget. Right from the first stage of planning to buy a house, to furnishing and designing it, one has to do proper research. Here are some areas which one might look into when building a home:
1) Buying vs. Renting:
First of all, one needs to decide between buying a house and renting one. Although renting may seem cost effective at the start, you are tied to the provisions of the land owner. Building your own house gives you the necessary freedom to move out of this situation. Although it involves spending more time, energy and money, the end result is worth it. Nowadays, bank loans can be easily sought to purchase and renovate a property. Hence, buying a house will open up more opportunities in terms of long term profits.
2) Real Estate Laws and Builders:
Buying a property should only be done by analysing the real estate laws of that particular region. The Constitution and Legislature provides for the protection of the buyers by enforcing many laws. One must be aware of these laws in order to safeguard their property. Moreover, these laws may differ from place to place. So, proper knowledge about such laws is a must. These laws include contracts, registrations, transfer policies, land acquisition and so on. This information will help the buyer to gauge many legal factors before deciding to invest on a particular property. Also, if the land is newly brought, it’s important to select the right builder. Professional builders are a safe bet. One can also confirm the performance of the builder by verifying his previous work. Also, it is important to provide a thorough account of your ideas to the builder, which will ensure good results.
3) Financial aspects :
The most significant aspect of building a house is perhaps the finance. Right from buying a property, to developing a well-furnished house, financial aspects play an important role in the decisions of the people. Not only does it include the property rate but also the electrical, plumbing, flooring and painting rates. Further, the accessories and furniture to adorn the house are also, to a great extent, dependent on money. It is a task to search for good and reasonable interior designers. Interior designers make the task easy by entirely developing the house and searching for the furnishings themselves. But, if one wants to avoid the cost of interior designers or if one wants to themselves design the house, it can be done. This will give you a chance to yourself explore the available furnishings and choose the same for the house. Besides, this will also give a personal touch to the house.
4) Selection of Property:
One must look for an appropriate property depending upon the needs and interests. By choosing proper style and floor plan, good square footage can be achieved. One may choose different house plans like two-story, split level or rambler houses. In terms of finance, rambler hoses are more expensive as compared to two-story or split-level houses. The reason behind this is that rambler houses provide larger footprint of the home. The foundation and the roof area will have more square footage. In a two-story house, there is more privacy as there are separations from entertaining areas of the house to those of bedrooms. It has spaces for huge family rooms, spacious living rooms, big eat-in kitchens, dining area, game rooms, rooms with fireplace, large basement rooms and so on. Also, one might grow a small garden or lawn if the space permits it. Suburban areas, vacation destinations and the small town streets are full of two-story buildings. In contrast to these houses, there are flats which are more compact and less expensive. One can opt for single or double bedrooms based on what they need,. It is usually equipped with a small kitchen, a living room and bedrooms. Dining area may or may not be provided.
5) Roofing and roof styles:
Roof is a crucial and expensive area of the house. It has to be strong to protect the inmates of the house. Having a proper roof and roof style is mandatory. Different roof styles are seen in different regions depending upon the climate, materials available and outer covering. Flat-roofed, skillion roof, pitched, hipped, mansard are some of the roof shapes that are available. One can select a simple style with a standard shingle with a 20-year old warranty. This is less complicated and less expensive. One can also go for a roof style with more texture and longer life. It might consist of expensive trusses and complicated roof lines which include additional framing labour. Since roof is an integral design of the house, proper time and attention must be invested in its design and style.
Flooring is yet another aspect of the house which requires planning and attention. It is a common term for permanent floor covering. Any finished material applied over the floor to provide a walking surface is known as flooring. Varieties of flooring options are available these days. Carpets are the least expensive. Also, if one feels the need to change it in future, it can be done so easily. Some of the expensive options include tile and wooden floorings. More labour is involved in the installation of these floorings which adds to the cost. Stone and terrazzo are also used in some houses. Mostly, the floor is supported by a sub-floor. It can be made up of earthen clay or cement.
Walls are the pillars of strength in any house. It carries the load of the house and provides security. Walls are the fundamental part of the building superstructure. The purpose of a wall is to support roof, floor and ceiling. It usually comprises of three or more components: structural elements, insulation and surface elements. Further, they also house important utilities like plumbing and electrical wiring. Different type of walls used to separate rooms is known as partition walls. They do not bear load and are usually made of steel panels, clay bricks, terra cotta and concrete.
8) Electrical and plumbing aspects:
People do not assign proper scrutiny to electrical and lighting aspects of the house. Different aspects involve different processes and finance. Standard light fixtures are comparatively less expensive than recessed lighting. Also lighting through lamps can save the cost as compared to ceiling fixtures. Depending upon the usage and the room in which to install light, one can select different variety. Lamps can be used in bedrooms where reading activity is less. In study rooms, one has to have proper and strong lights. There are new trends in lighting as well, like chandeliers and vintage egg basket lighting. This may help to give a classy feel to your house and may up the social status. Similarly, plumbing too has several varieties when it comes to fixtures. More bathrooms will increase the plumbing cost. Also, if one is aiming for elegant and huge bathrooms with a lot of plumbing facilities, the cost will accordingly increase.
9) Painting and furnishing:
After completing the plumbing and electrical work, one has to start thinking about painting. It is the process of applying paint, pigment or colour with brush and other implements. It is usually spread over walls and ceiling. People have a choice of several colours and designs. Moreover, one might also use wallpaper design or think of an innovative design. After the last coat of the painting is done, the next step is to buy furniture of the house. Since people buy furniture on a long term basis, a detailed study of one’s requirement is a must. Also, a thorough market survey will help you identify the items available which may look good at your house. Several furnishings like bed, dressing table, dining table, chairs, sofa set, kitchen appliances, cabinets and so on might be needed to complete your home.
10) Moving to the new house:
The final stage of completion marks the actual moving to the new house. This will require a prior cleaning up of the house because of all the work that has been done. After the place is ready to use, the real conflict is moving the furniture and equipment to the new house. Use of trailers might ease this difficulty. Trailers are available to transfer all your belongings and furnishings to the new place. These items can then be placed by helpers depending upon your wish. After arranging and organising these things, you are finally settled in the new house.
Building a house requires a lot of time, money, energy and patience. Though it might be frustrating at times, the final product will leave no doubt in our mind about its usefulness and necessity.