The cause of migraine headaches aren’t understood fully by anyone though the most likely culprits include hormonal changes during menopause, biochemical imbalances in the brain and some audio-visual stimuli such as noises or bright lights. Regardless of the cause, the throbbing pain, sensitivity and nausea can make even the most mundane of tasks difficult for people. Migraine treatments run the gamut from prescription medications to simple home remedies. Some options are discussed here:
Only when the migraine has manifested itself should these acute treatments be used for reducing the symptoms. Over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen, Tylenol and aspirin are some medication options that can be used. People should look for NSAIDs, which are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as they are usually recommended for migraine headaches. Triptans like Amerge and Frova, butalbital combinations such as Butapap and ergotamine like Cafergot are some other medications that can be used. However, before these medications are taken, people should speak to their doctor because they have some side effects and may react with other medications that the patient is taking.
The primary purpose of preventative treatments is to reduce the number of migraines and also restrict their effects when they occur. Depending on the case of every individual, preventative medicine might be taken daily or only when a specific trigger tends to appear. Beta blockers are the most common ones that are typically used in cases of high blood pressure, but also work for dealing with migraines. Zestril, Isoptin and Calan are some other cardiovascular drugs that have turned out to be effective too. Migraine headaches can also be prevented with some type of anti-seizure medications and anti-depressants like Topamax, but they shouldn’t be taken without a doctor’s consent.
A number of home remedies can also be used in addition to formal medication because this can be beneficial in reducing the severity of migraine headaches. First and foremost, people should avoid unnecessary stress in their life as it’s known to trigger a migraine. Also, when people feel a migraine coming on, they should opt to lighten their workload. Regular rest periods should be established, particularly in a quiet and dark place where there will be no distractions whatsoever. A cool washcloth should be placed by people on the back of their head or the pressure points that are present at the base of the skull should be pressed and held for about a minute or two.
A migraine headache can also be reduced and relieved with the aid of various types of vitamins such as choline, niacin, B6 and C. Eating healthy foods like fruits or having a natural drink can also be helpful. In some cases, people can take a long shower or bath for relaxing their muscles and this will reduce the severity of the pain associated with migraine. Exercising should be avoided when people are suffering from a migraine and areas with flashing bulbs and bright lights should be avoided or else the pain would intensify.