It is common to hear contractors and machine operators complain of poor productivity. This may be attributed to slow work progress, equipment machine breakdown, or the ineffective machinery. Just like any other businessman, a heavy equipment machine operator also desires to maximize revenue. At the same time, they want to bring down the operating costs as well. However, this can never happen if the machines and equipment are not operating optimally. In order to make sure maximum productivity and efficiency is achieved, it is important to adhere to the following guidelines:
1. Right Equipment
Before purchasing heavy machinery or equipment, it is important to first analyze the type of work. It is also essential to note the capacity of the machine. People may use the wrong type simply because they were misled by a marketer, or they lacked knowledge. Using the right machine for the wrong task leads to untimely wear and tear.
2. Proper Training
Before you hand over the key to the earthmover, grader, or dump truck, it is essential to ascertain that the operator is fit. Having operated a bulldozer does not necessarily mean a person can operate a forklift. A person who operated an equipment machine a decade ago may not be so conversant with the modern and automated equipment. Extending the life and efficiency of a machine requires a competent person.
3. Follow Manufacturer’s Advice
Many times, machines give poor service or breakdown due to not adhering to the manufacturer’s guidelines. Although two machines may look and perform similar tasks, each brand will always remain unique. Therefore, a machine should only be operated as per its original manual and not on experience gained from operating another machine.
4. Proper Use
Improved technology has made equipment and machines quite versatile. One machine can carry out a number of tasks simultaneously. For instance, a Caterpillar may also function as an excavator. Unfortunately, due to the similarities, people will use the same machine to undertake various jobs. This will not only increase wear and tear, but will also slow down the work.
5. Regular Maintenance
Due to their heavy workloads, the equipment will always work under immense pressure. The machine, therefore, needs to be in top condition to offer smooth operation. This will especially apply to equipment that is used in very rocky and dusty areas. Skipping or carrying out maintenance and service late will hinder its productivity.
6. Proper Work Schedule
Poor planning is one of the leading causes of low productivity. This is attributed to the machine operators having to rush through a job in order to meet deadlines. Due to fatigue, they will lack concentration and use the equipment wrongly. On the other hand, the machinery will also be overworked hence causing overheating.
7. On site Supervision
Heavy equipment and machinery should always be monitored quite closely. This should be done by a well experienced and dedicated supervisor. Their role will be to make sure that the machine is being handled well at all times. Failure to keep watch may make careless or incompetent workers mishandle the machine.
8. Quality Checks
Even the best equipment is prone to fail prematurely. This may be due to manufacturing fault or human error. It is, therefore, necessary to carryout regular checks on the machinery. Doing so will make it easy to correct the fault before it becomes too big and grounds a machine.
9. Added protection
Heavy machinery is built to withstand the harsh conditions. However, they will still be affected by the terrain. Flying rocks may damage the oil sump, while dust and other debris may easily clog the radiator. It is essential to add guards, shields, and rails to protect the machine as well as user.
10. Safe Operation
Safety should always be given priority when working with heavy machinery. It is a known fact that the safety and economic life go hand in hand. A user who feels safe will also handle a machine more carefully.
Achieving maximum productivity is not a one-off process, but rather a sequence of events. It also should start right from the time you acquire the heavy earth movers and equipment. Usually, due to their new status, people give the machinery less attention. This may lead to a fault not being detected early enough hence worsening in due course. The sooner you start treating the equipment right, the longer it will serve you well.